Professor Guerrero's Blog

mguerrero@gmail.com

Co-author of East of Tiffany's, 13 short stories of a Latino immigrant's success in USA; a journey from West Harlem to Sutton Place and Park Avenue. Check out the reviews in Amazon.com and in Barnes and Noble.

on KINDLE on NOOK

My best seller as of now is

Titanes de la Filosofia

Professor Guerrero's Blog: William of Ockham - Father or Minimalism and Nominalism Professor Guerrero's Blog: Book Reviews, Human Interest Articles, Accounting Lessons, and Writing Techniques

Book Reviews  

Books

Sentence Openers Book: FREE Lessons

Jane Austen  

Boethius: Consolation of Philosophy

How to Become a Writer  

Personal Finance  

Self Help, Wealth, & Learning

Greeks Romans Trojans  

Feminism  

Great Gatsby: Is Nick Gay?

All my books are now in NOOK

Ideas About the Novel is a prophetic book that all writers must own.

Ideas About the Novel by Ortega y Gasset - my translation $0.99


Next to Cervantes, Benito Perez Galdos is the most beloved Spanish writer of all times.

Torquemada at the Stake by Perez Galdos- my translation $0.99

Lazarillo of Tormes - my translation $0.99
Read it in contemporary English -- No Thous, Thees, or King James' Bible language. Transliterated into easy language for enjoyable reading pleasure. Because The Lazarillo of Tormes pointed a new direction, European and American literature benefited with titles that today are considered classics: Cervantes’ Rinconete and Cortadillo; Daniel Defoe’s Moll Flanders, Henry Fielding’s Tom Jones and Joseph Andrews; Tobias Smollett’s Roderick Random, and Peregrine Pickle; Voltaire’s Candide; Charles Dickens’ David Copperfield. And many others to include American works ranging from Mark Twain to Saul Bellow.

Dehumanization of Art by Ortega y Gasset - my translation $0.99
The Dehumanization of Art— is now a constant in music, literature, aesthetics, and philosophy, having come to mean that in post-modern times human-shaped mimesis (representation of the human) is irrelevant to art. According to Ortega, the arts don't have to tell a human story; art should deal with its own forms—and not with the human form.

Sentence Openers
How writers open their sentences makes prose agile, interesting, and athletic. This e-book teaches how to break the pattern Subject-verb-object--and discard openings that begin with nouns, articles, and pronouns.

East of Tiffany's - bestseller $5
With the city as its backdrop "East of Tiffany's" is filled with earnest tales of love, loss, faith, success and morality. While business terminology is interwoven throughout these short stories, it's not business lessons that I take away with me, but life lessons. The circumstances and the characters' profound humanity are relatable despite their zip code . "Luke, Postmodern Man" offers a new vista into faith, suffering, and love of neighbor. Way after you read this book you'll find yourself thinking about the various characters throughout the series of stories and will find solace in their unwavering faith. The narrators' ability to reflect on their hardships with such serenity is inspiring.



My writing was as flat as a sidewalk. And then I downloaded ...

Mary Duffy's Toolbox for Writers
After I purchased Mary's e-book I started to get 'A's in my essays and term papers! Every page is filled with great writing tips, training lessons, and wonderful useful writing skills! Not only do I write essays for college, but also short stories!
--IVONNIE Indrawan
College student
Sentence Openers on KINDLE

Sentence Openers on NOOK













All my books are now in KINDLE


Ideas About the Novel by Ortega y Gasset - my translation $0.99
Torquemada at the Stake by Perez Galdos- my translation $0.99
Lazarillo of Tormes - my translation $0.99
Dehumanization of Art by Ortega y Gasset - my translation $0.99
Sentence Openers
East of Tiffany's - bestseller $5


The most beloved short story from Spanish literature
All my books are in NOOK $0.99 or in Amazon KINDLE $0.99








All my books are now in NOOK

Ideas About the Novel is a prophetic book that all writers must own.
Ideas About the Novel by Ortega y Gasset - my translation $0.99

Next to Cervantes, Benito Perez Galdos is the most beloved Spanish writer of all times.

Torquemada at the Stake by Perez Galdos- my translation $0.99

Lazarillo of Tormes - my translation $0.99
Read it in contemporary English -- No Thous, Thees, or King James' Bible language.

Dehumanization of Art by Ortega y Gasset - my translation $0.99
The Dehumanization of Art— is now a constant in music, literature, aesthetics, and philosophy, having come to mean that in post-modern times human-shaped mimesis (representation of the human) is irrelevant to art.

Sentence Openers
How writers open their sentences makes prose agile, interesting, and athletic.

East of Tiffany's - bestseller $5
With the city as its backdrop "East of Tiffany's" is filled with earnest tales of love, loss, faith, success and morality.



My writing was as flat as a sidewalk. And then I downloaded ...

Mary Duffy's Toolbox for Writers
After I purchased Mary's e-book I started to get 'A's in my essays and term papers!
--Ivonnie Indrawan
College student
Sentence Openers on KINDLE

Sentence Openers on NOOK





Available in KINDLE $0.99


Available in KINDLE $0.99

Tuesday, December 1, 2009

William of Ockham - Father or Minimalism and Nominalism

William of Ockham, from stained glass window a...

Image via Wikipedia

William of Ockham (ca. 1285 – 1349) was a Franciscan friar and philosopher from a village called Ockham (near Ripley, Surrey), England. William devoted to a life to extreme poverty and minimalism and nominalism.

As a follower of Saint Francis we can easily understand his minimalism, since Franciscans were submitted to a vow of poverty. Who can be more of a minimalist than a poor Franciscan friar who only owned one pair of sandals and one mendicant tunic! As for nominalism, this needs to be explained.

The best way to understand nominalism is to contrast it to its opposite view: Realism. While ‘realism’ invents a world of reality that corresponds exactly to the world of thought, ‘nominalism,’ on the contrary, replicates the external objects with individual and particular names and thoughts. Therefore, nominalism denies the existence of abstract and universal concepts, and refuses to admit that the mind has the power of engendering them.

Because of William’s emphasis on ways of knowing, many scholars refer to him as the father of modern epistemology and modern philosophy—Descartes and Kant notwithstanding. To him only individuals exist, rather than supra-individual universals, essences, or forms. Furthermore, he held that universals are the products the human mind and have no extra-mental existence. So what we have then is a basic Aristotelian position against an Augustinian-Platonic one.

The modern English spelling of the village where William was born is ‘Ockham,’ and because French medieval scholars spelled it as ‘Occam,’ we can still see his name printed as William Occam. In addition, Ockham studied and wrote treatises on logic. And what we most remember him for is the principle that’s known as Ockham’s Razor. Despite the fact that he actually never announced such a principle, philosophical books are laden with allusions to it. The most cited versions are:
Plurality should not be posited without necessity.
Plurality ought never be posited without necessity.
It is futile to do with more things that which can be done with fewer.

Bertrand Russell in his History of Western Philosophy says:
‘It is vain to do with more what can be done with fewer.’ That is to say, if everything in some science can be interpreted without assuming this or that hypothetical entity, there is no ground for assuming it. I have myself found this a most fruitful principle in logical analysis.

But many careless and unscrupulous writers invoke William’s ‘razor’ principle as authority in order to buttress their own doubtful arguments. For example, atheists often apply Occam's razor in arguing against the existence of God adducing that God is an unnecessary hypothesis. Why throw in another spice into the broth when the argument is salty enough?

Having been excommunicated by Pope John XXII, William sought the protection of the German emperor Louis. Not given to wasting words he bluntly asked the emperor: “Do you defend me with the sword? And I will defend you with the pen.” Assurances given William proceeded to write a treatise demonstrating that Pope John was a heretic. After Saint Thomas Aquinas, William of Occam is perhaps the most influential medieval thinker. Unlike others, he looked forward rather than backwards —e.g., Dante, who still believed in monsters, hell, and Satan as a devourer of sinners. In this light, the reformist Martin Luther preferred him over many other schoolmen or scholastics.

Occam’s relevancy today:
The one version I like and use in my teaching is: ‘At the end of the day the simplest answer is usually the right one.’
In writing, when a writer gets too florid and showy, using excessive and gushy language, the result is purple prose—which is a turn off. That is why when we read monosyllabic prose such as Hemingway’s we react with delight.
In mathematics, the most elegant proof is usually the most minimalist and direct. In a democracy the two-party system seems to work well. Three or more parties dilute the vote and nations end up with the worst leaders.
In physics, Einstein’s E = mc2 would have pleased William of Occam.

  • Oxymoron in Action

  • IanFleming's Intransitive Verbs

  • Orwell's Rules for Writing

  • How to Use Similes

  • What is an Allegory?

  • StephenKing vs StephenieMeyer

  • If you are interested in seeing how I achieved personal success in the United States, you may find my book of short stories East of Tiffany's interesting. Some of the stories are based on my life as an executive, investment banker, and financial adviser to wealthy investors in the East Side of Manhattan.
    Close to half-million people have read East of Tiffany's so far. Order your copy from either Amazon.com or Barnes and Noble.
    Since English is my second language, Mary Duffy --a master of the English language-- aided me not only with the editing, but she also contributed her own stories. I love her writing in "When You Wish Upon a Star." This is a story based on a personal friend's life.

    Senada Selmani, model

    To write great blogs, e-mails, term papers, essays, or fiction - Get Mary Duffy's

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    Professor Guerrero's Blog

    Co-author of East of Tiffany's, 13 short stories that will warm your heart - See 101 reviews in Amazon.com and 37 in Barnes and Noble.

    on KINDLE on NOOK

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