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Archaeology | Wednesday 13/10/2010 - Translated from El Comercio.com
Hypotheses about the origin of the first people in America are mixed. It is believed that Asians crossed Russia to reach the United States and later moved to South America.
But for Susan Kuzminsky, American archaeologist, this information would be incorrect. She was in Ecuador, a week, studying and analyzing 15 incomplete skulls of the culture Las Vega, 7000 years ago (to which they belong the Sumpa Lovers, resting in the museum of Santa Elena). The remains studied by Kuzminsky were found in the same peninsula and part of the Book of Anthropological Museum of Contemporary Art (MAAC).
She supports the hypothesis is that migration was a sack, ie the Pacific coast. And, in the case of South America, before it was said, about15 000 or 20 000 years ago, says the expert. The skulls were examined to determine whether all groups have a similar skull morphology, which support the hypothesis Kuzminsky. So far, the most peculiar feature observed in Ecuador is that the skull is smaller than the California group.
The first phase of the investigation, which lasted two years, focused on the morphology of the skulls of the inhabitants of Chile, Peru, Ecuador, United States and Canada. The information obtained from the remains of skulls, faces and teeth is passed through a scanner. Thus, the technical analysis and statistical data employed bay corroborate the hypothesis of the origin of American man.
Susan Kuzminsky next year will travel to northern Chile to end their archaeological study. This thesis project to be completed within a year and a half after this time, will then show the results of their research.
Among other works, she has developed an inventory specialized in skeletal burials in Sudan and a comparative study of cranial and dental morphology of the populations in North and South America during the Holocene (the last 11 784 years since the end of the last glaciation) .