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Watching on TV the end of Colonel Gadhafi’s regime in Libya, I heard someone mentioned the proverb: "revenge is a dish best served cold." This maxim, by the way, is often wrongly attributed to the novel Les liaisons dangereuses (1782), since it does not appear anywhere there. As swift as retribution may be, the longer it will take for the rebels to build a nation.
The point of this article is that Francis Bacon (1561 – 1626) has left us some good thoughts about revenge.
REVENGE is a kind of wild justice; which the more man's nature runs to, the more ought law to weed it out.
For as for the first wrong, it does but offend the law; but the revenge of that wrong puts the law out of office. Certainly, in taking revenge, a man is but even with his enemy; but in passing it over, he is superior; for it is a prince's part to pardon. And Solomon, I am sure, says, 'It is the glory of a man to pass by an offence.' That which is past is gone, and irrevocable; and wise men have enough to do with things present and to come; therefore they do but trifle with themselves that labor in past matters.
There is no man who does a wrong for wrong's sake, nor to purchase himself profit, or pleasure, or honor, or the like. Therefore why should I be angry with a man for loving himself better than me?
And if any man should do wrong merely out of ill nature, why, yet it is but like the thorn or briar, which prick and scratch, because they can do no other. The most tolerable sort of revenge is for those wrongs which there is no law to remedy; but then let a man take heed the revenge be such as there is no law to punish. Otherwise, a man's enemy is still beforehand; and it is two for one.
Some, when they take revenge, are desirous the party should know whence it comes. This is the more generous. For the delight seems to be not so much in doing the hurt as in making the party repent. But base and crafty cowards are like the arrow that flies in the dark. Cosmus, duke of Florence, had a desperate saying against perfidious or neglecting friends, as if those wrongs were unpardonable; 'You shall read (says he) that we are commanded to forgive our enemies; but you never read that we are commanded to forgive our friends.'
But yet the spirit of Job was in better tune: 'Shall we (says he) take good at God's hands, and not be content to take evil also?' And so of friends in a proportion. This is certain, that a man that studies revenge keeps his own wounds green, which otherwise would heal and do well.
Public revenges are for the most part fortunate; as that for the death of Caesar; for the death of Pertinax; for the death of Henry the Third of France; and many more. But in private revenges it is not so. Nay rather, vindictive persons live the life of witches; who, as they are mischievous, so end they unfortunate. .