Professor Guerrero's Blog

mguerrero@gmail.com

Co-author of East of Tiffany's, 13 short stories of a Latino immigrant's success in USA; a journey from West Harlem to Sutton Place and Park Avenue. Check out the reviews in Amazon.com and in Barnes and Noble.

on KINDLE on NOOK

My best seller as of now is

Titanes de la Filosofia

Professor Guerrero's Blog: Political Philosophy: JEAN JACQUES ROUSSEAU (1712-1778) Professor Guerrero's Blog: Book Reviews, Human Interest Articles, Accounting Lessons, and Writing Techniques

Book Reviews  

Books

Sentence Openers Book: FREE Lessons

Jane Austen  

Boethius: Consolation of Philosophy

How to Become a Writer  

Personal Finance  

Self Help, Wealth, & Learning

Greeks Romans Trojans  

Feminism  

Great Gatsby: Is Nick Gay?

All my books are now in NOOK

Ideas About the Novel is a prophetic book that all writers must own.

Ideas About the Novel by Ortega y Gasset - my translation $0.99


Next to Cervantes, Benito Perez Galdos is the most beloved Spanish writer of all times.

Torquemada at the Stake by Perez Galdos- my translation $0.99

Lazarillo of Tormes - my translation $0.99
Read it in contemporary English -- No Thous, Thees, or King James' Bible language. Transliterated into easy language for enjoyable reading pleasure. Because The Lazarillo of Tormes pointed a new direction, European and American literature benefited with titles that today are considered classics: Cervantes’ Rinconete and Cortadillo; Daniel Defoe’s Moll Flanders, Henry Fielding’s Tom Jones and Joseph Andrews; Tobias Smollett’s Roderick Random, and Peregrine Pickle; Voltaire’s Candide; Charles Dickens’ David Copperfield. And many others to include American works ranging from Mark Twain to Saul Bellow.

Dehumanization of Art by Ortega y Gasset - my translation $0.99
The Dehumanization of Art— is now a constant in music, literature, aesthetics, and philosophy, having come to mean that in post-modern times human-shaped mimesis (representation of the human) is irrelevant to art. According to Ortega, the arts don't have to tell a human story; art should deal with its own forms—and not with the human form.

Sentence Openers
How writers open their sentences makes prose agile, interesting, and athletic. This e-book teaches how to break the pattern Subject-verb-object--and discard openings that begin with nouns, articles, and pronouns.

East of Tiffany's - bestseller $5
With the city as its backdrop "East of Tiffany's" is filled with earnest tales of love, loss, faith, success and morality. While business terminology is interwoven throughout these short stories, it's not business lessons that I take away with me, but life lessons. The circumstances and the characters' profound humanity are relatable despite their zip code . "Luke, Postmodern Man" offers a new vista into faith, suffering, and love of neighbor. Way after you read this book you'll find yourself thinking about the various characters throughout the series of stories and will find solace in their unwavering faith. The narrators' ability to reflect on their hardships with such serenity is inspiring.



My writing was as flat as a sidewalk. And then I downloaded ...

Mary Duffy's Toolbox for Writers
After I purchased Mary's e-book I started to get 'A's in my essays and term papers! Every page is filled with great writing tips, training lessons, and wonderful useful writing skills! Not only do I write essays for college, but also short stories!
--IVONNIE Indrawan
College student
Sentence Openers on KINDLE

Sentence Openers on NOOK













All my books are now in KINDLE


Ideas About the Novel by Ortega y Gasset - my translation $0.99
Torquemada at the Stake by Perez Galdos- my translation $0.99
Lazarillo of Tormes - my translation $0.99
Dehumanization of Art by Ortega y Gasset - my translation $0.99
Sentence Openers
East of Tiffany's - bestseller $5


The most beloved short story from Spanish literature
All my books are in NOOK $0.99 or in Amazon KINDLE $0.99








All my books are now in NOOK

Ideas About the Novel is a prophetic book that all writers must own.
Ideas About the Novel by Ortega y Gasset - my translation $0.99

Next to Cervantes, Benito Perez Galdos is the most beloved Spanish writer of all times.

Torquemada at the Stake by Perez Galdos- my translation $0.99

Lazarillo of Tormes - my translation $0.99
Read it in contemporary English -- No Thous, Thees, or King James' Bible language.

Dehumanization of Art by Ortega y Gasset - my translation $0.99
The Dehumanization of Art— is now a constant in music, literature, aesthetics, and philosophy, having come to mean that in post-modern times human-shaped mimesis (representation of the human) is irrelevant to art.

Sentence Openers
How writers open their sentences makes prose agile, interesting, and athletic.

East of Tiffany's - bestseller $5
With the city as its backdrop "East of Tiffany's" is filled with earnest tales of love, loss, faith, success and morality.



My writing was as flat as a sidewalk. And then I downloaded ...

Mary Duffy's Toolbox for Writers
After I purchased Mary's e-book I started to get 'A's in my essays and term papers!
--Ivonnie Indrawan
College student
Sentence Openers on KINDLE

Sentence Openers on NOOK





Available in KINDLE $0.99


Available in KINDLE $0.99

Wednesday, October 24, 2012

Political Philosophy: JEAN JACQUES ROUSSEAU (1712-1778)




JEAN JACQUES ROUSSEAU (1712-1778)

Biographical Data

Jean-Jacques Rousseau was born June 28, 1712 in Geneva and died July 2, 1778 in Ermenonville, France. His father was Isaac Rousseau, a clock maker; his mother —Suzanne Bernard— who died only a few days after his birth.

When he was 13 years old Jean-Jacques Rousseau began an apprenticeship as an engraver, which he abandoned three years later when he moved to Annecy; there he held several jobs as a teacher and secretary. Footloose and inconstant, he eventually moved to Paris, in 1742.

Befriended by Denis Diderot, he was engaged as a contributor to Diderot’s project: Encyclopédie, a radical magazine at the time. Besides having a natural instinct for writing, Rousseau also had a natural bent for music. Not only did he compose music, but he also invented an original notation musical system. Attached to the French embassy in Venice, he studied Italian opera, which motivated him to write two operas: Les Muses galantes (1742) and Le Devin du village (1752).

As if literary studies and music weren’t challenging enough, Jean-Jacques Rousseau involved himself in speculative philosophy, earning in 1750 a prize from the Academy of Dijon for his Discours sur les sciences et les arts. In 1754, Jean-Jacques Rousseau returned to Geneva and (re)converted to Calvinism. One year later he published the Discours sur l'origine et les fondements de l'inégalité parmi les hommes (Discourse on the Origin and Basis of Inequality Among Men).

Unable to cope with opposition and criticism for his radical ideas, he went to the Swiss canton of Neuchâtel, then, by invitation from David Hume, he traveled to England. In 1767 he returned to the south of France and eventually back to Paris.

In 1772, Jean-Jacques Rousseau finished his last political work, Considérations sur le gouvernement de Pologne (Considerations on the Government of Poland, published 1782), in which he sketches out a new constitution for Poland. And just before his death, Jean-Jacques Rousseau finished the additional autobiographical works Rousseau, juge de Jean-Jacque; Dialogue (Dialogues: Rousseau, Judge of Jean-Jacques); and Les Rêveries du promeneur solitaire (Reveries of the Solitary Walker).

Literary Output

Political Writings

The Social Contract of Rousseau is an original work which focuses on the sources of political injustice in France in the eighteenth cen­tury. Despite its abstract and at times confusing prose, the books’ impact was enormous. In some parts, however, the writing is not only clear, but also accessible to a wide range of readers.

He takes pains, emotionally and intellectually, to explain that the people owns the absolute and inalienable right of sovereignty; and that the roles of all government —hereditary as well as elective— were subordinate to the people. So appealing was his phrasing that it was used to support the French "Declaration of the Rights of Man."  

In the Discourse on Inequality, Rousseau shows that political organization was introduced as a means of conserving rights which originate in the state of nature.

In the Contrat Social he deviates from both Hobbes and Locke by maintaining that men abandon the state of nature simply because they have agreed to signing a social contract.

Other Writings

In 1762 he published his Emile, a revolutionary work on education. This gained him the enmity of the church leaders who viewed his ideas as an advocacy of "natural religion" in place of the dogmas of revealed religion. In the throes of prosecution he fled to Switzerland,

He was able to return to France in 1767 and spent the last ten years of his life in retirement, completing his Confessions.

Rousseau's Bridge to Immortality

Rousseau’s fame is fed by major accomplishments in three different fields: Political thought, education, and literature.

Political thought: In the Social Contract, Rousseau posited the thesis that man is by nature good; that the arts and institutions of civilization dilute and pervert man’s true nature; that the basic goodness can be restored by creating institutions which foster man’s natural human desires. Therefore, organized social restraint may be justified if all men consent to be governed by those institutions.

The most quoted phrase today is a mixture of literary antithesis and the rhetorical oxymoron: “Man is born free; and everywhere he is in chains.”

Education: Shortly after the publication of the Contrat, Rousseau publishes his next book: Émile ou De l'éducation (Èmile, or on education), to great success. Following his critique of civilization (“Everything is good as it leaves the hands of the author of things, everything degenerates in the hands of man”), Jean-Jacques Rousseau prescribes his principles of how children should be raised in order to become good citizens: kindness. Love, sports, laughter, peace, and innocence


 criticized in his second Discourse by proposing a form of contract that should grant people And it is thus subjected to the general will: “Each of us puts in common his person and his whole power under the supreme direction of the general will, and in return we receive every member as an indivisible part of the whole.”

Literature: In 1761, Jean-Jacques Rousseau published the novel Julie, ou la nouvelle Héloïse (Julie or the New Heloise), which turned out to be an immediate success.


Although he had finished his autobiography Confessions, it wasn’t published until just after his death. And with this text —much like Augustine— he pioneered what has become known as the autobiographical genre: “I have entered on an enterprise which is without precedent, and will have no imitator. I propose to show my fellows a man as nature made him, and this man shall be myself.”

Conclusion

He died in 1778 in the throes of the French Revolution. Not only did the agents of the Reign of Terror appropriate his ideas, but also American philosophers and writers such as Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau. 


The most quoted phrase today is a mixture of literary antithesis and the rhetorical oxymoron: “Man is born free; and everywhere he is in chains.”






Labels: ,


Comments on "Political Philosophy: JEAN JACQUES ROUSSEAU (1712-1778) "

 

post a comment


Professor Guerrero's Blog

Co-author of East of Tiffany's, 13 short stories that will warm your heart - See 101 reviews in Amazon.com and 37 in Barnes and Noble.

on KINDLE on NOOK

BROWSE: MORE THAN 560 ARTICLES

Book Reviews   Accounting 1   How to Become a Writer   Personal Finance   Self Help, Wealth, & Learning

Accounting2 Solutions   Greeks Romans Trojans   Feminism   Great Gatsby: Is Nick Gay?

Back to Top

Free Counter
Free Counter